Alcohol’s Impact on the Body
- Alcohol goes directly to the bloodstream, which is why it affects every system in the body.
- Excessive drinking can decrease the amount of testosterone in a man’s body and cause impotence.
- Alcohol is a nervous system depressant.
- Alcohol absorbs rapidly into the bloodstream from the small intestine, and less rapidly from the stomach and colon.
- A pulse rate lower than 40 is a medical emergency. Call 911!
- A respiration (breaths) rate lower than 8-10 per minute is a medical emergency. Call 911!
- A daily glass of wine will add 10 pounds per year.
- The peak Blood Alcohol Level occurs 60 to 90 minutes after ingestion when the stomach is empty.
- The presence of food in the stomach slows the rate of alcohol absorption. However, the amount of alcohol absorbed remains unchanged.
- Vomiting is part of the automatic defense system of the body activated to prevent more alcohol from being absorbed.
- When a person’s blood-alcohol level ranges from .02 g/100ml to .08 g/100ml, he/she usually has a change in mood and may have trouble interpreting what he/she sees and hears.
- Birth control pills slow down the rate at which alcohol eliminates from the body.
- If someone passes out and will not respond to attempts to wake them, it is possible they are suffering from alcohol poisoning.
- Several factors influence how alcohol will affect a person: age, gender, physical condition, amount of food eaten, and other drugs or medicines taken.
- The path of alcohol in the body is the mouth, stomach, small intestine, heart, brain, and also the liver.
- Individuals with the same weight, but different muscle builds will differ in their BAC.
- Individuals with more muscle are less affected by alcohol because the muscle contains water that absorbs the alcohol from the bloodstream.
- Premenstrual hormonal changes cause a faster increase in BAC during the days right before a woman gets her period.
Source: Brad 21